RISING COMMUNAL POLARISATION – A THREAT TO INDIA’S FUTURE : Dr. Ram Puniyani

Good evening friends. Main hindi mein baat karunga. Abhi Muchkund Dubey sahib ne bahut hi sundarta se pura chitr hamare saamne rakh diya hai ki aaj hamare desh ke jo halaat hai sampradayikta ke badhne ke kaaran, uske kaaran hamara bhavishya kitne andhkar mein hosakta hai aur hamare lok tantr ke jo mukhya mulya hain svatantrata, samta, bandhuta aur nyay isme hamara izzat se jeena ka adhikar hai, wo sab par kitna khatra hai unho ne bahut ache se batadiya hai.

Main thodi koshish karunga ke jo khatra badha hai aur badhte jaraha hai 6 saal se particularly, communalism jo ke duniya me alag alag dharmo ke naam se aati hai jaise Pakistan me Islam ke naam par ake Pakistan ki jo barbadi ki wo hamare samne hai, ajkal budh dharm ke naam par Sri Lanka aur Myanmar me bhi chal rahi hai, America me iske kuch tukde hain jo Christian fundamentalism ke naam par ate hain aur Bharat me ye jo hindu dharm ke naam par sampradayikta badhti jarahi hai , pehli baat main spasht kardun ke ye amr abhi dubey sahib batarahey the ke 20 shatabdi ke sab se mahaan hindu Mahatma Gandhi they aur ye bhi sath me jodna chahunga ke wahi vyakti the jo ek bahut bade secular vyakti they jinho ne sabhi dharmo ke mulyo ka aadar kiya, sabhi dharmo ke logo ke prati sneh, prem se jod kar bharat rashtr ki Kalpana ki aur bahut mazbuti se bharat rashtr banaya.

Ab ye jo sampradayikta ka sawal hai, sampradayikta jo bharat me hindu dharm ke naam par chal rahi hai iska hindu dharm ke naitik mulyo se koi lena dena nahi hai. To main short me itna batana chahunga ki iska jo uday hua, vikas hua un logo ke madhyam se hua jo bharat me jab swatantrik prakriya ubhar rahi thi, india as a nation in the making horahi thi yaha ke jo daqyanusi puratanpanti log the jinka sambandh zamindaro se tha, dharm guruon se tha wo logo ko is baat se taklif hui ke kaise sab log azadi ke andolan se jud rahe hain aur azadi ke andolan ki jo mukhya dhara hai wo sab ko samanta se le kar jaane ki koshish kar rahi hai. To khair, ek taraf ye ek mukhya dhara thi jisme sabhi dharmo ke logo ne barabari se hissa liya aur musalmano k ek tabqa muslim league me chala gaya aur hinduon ka ek tabqa hindu Mahasabha aur RSS me chala gaya aur in logo ne apne apne dharm ke naam par aise muddo ko samne rakha hamare Jeevan ke issues se utna sambandhit nahi the.

Ek bahut pyari ghanta ke saath apni baat shuru karunga aur jaisey dubey sahib ne bataya ke kaise Ram Mandir ki trajectory hui aur jo chronology, ye jo shabd hai aaj bahut popular horaha hai, dekhte hain ke courts aur judgments ka jo haal hua uske bawajood Supreme Court ne maana ke December 1949 me jo murtiyo ko masjid me rakha gaya wo ek apraadh tha. Supreme Court ne ye bhi maana ke jis jagah par masjid thi jisku toda gaya ye ek apraadh tha. Ye aur baat hai ke qanoon ulta kar diya gaya, apradhiyo ko inaam diya gaya. Laikin ye Ram Mandir ka mudda abhi tak khatam nahi hua aur ye mudda un cheezo se juda nahi hai jo hamare roti, kapda, makaan, bijli, sadak aur pani se juda hai. Isliye bhavnayo ko khada kiya hai, paida kiya hai aur ism ek alp sankhyako ke khilaf nafrat ka mahol paida kardiya gaya hai. Aur wo nafrat ka mahol itna hai ke, rashtrapati se lekar bahot bade bade log isme chanda derahe hain ye ham nahi jaante laikin koi issue nahi hai par iske saath saath aap (dubey) ne jo baat kahi hai wo chintajanak hai. Chande ke naam pe usi algav vaadi rajneeti ko aage badhaya jaraha hai, masjido par hamle kiye jarahe hain, logo ke beech atank phailaya jaraha hai. Ye jo hindu dharm ke naam par rajneeti chalti hai, aur bhavnayo ke saath kaise khilwad kiya hai aur pichle 6 saal se (khaas taur se warna pahle 100 saal se hi ye sampradayikta hai) isne apni jadein itni gehri kardi hain ki iske bare me angrezi me kehte hain ‘the process of othering’ of musilms aur christians. Ye bhi ham na bhulein ke ye keval musalmano par hamla nahi hai. Hindu rashtrvad ke teen aadharo ko apke samne rakhunga

Musalmano ke othering bahut hogaya hai isi ke saath saath piche 15-20 saalo se dekhen to isaiyo ke khilaf bhi dushprachar chal raha hai jaise ke dharmantran ke naam par chal raha hai. Apne (Dubey ji) ne pahle hi batadiya hai ke dharmantran hamara adhikar hai aur usme main ye ek jodunga ke sab se bada dharmantran jo 20th shatabdi me hua tha wo hua tha Dr. Ambedkar dwara, unho ne lakho anuyaiyo ko lekar dharmantran kiya tha. Christians ke khilaf bhi ye ‘otherisation’ ki prakriya ki gayi aur ye prakriya khaas taur par dharmantran ke naam par hi ki gayi. Pastor Graham Greenes ka jalaya jana aur uske baad kandhamal ke dange usi prakriya k eek bhaag tha.

Pichle 7, 8 saalo me aur 2014 ke baad jo cheezein badhi hai unme ek ‘lynching’ hai. Ye lynching gay ke naam par ho rahi hai. Ek taraf beaf ke export me desh upar chalta gaya aur usi beaf ke naam par 100 musalmano ki hatya hui jisme usme zyada hatyaein 2014 ke baad hui. Aur isme keval musalman hi affected nahi hai usme ek dusra bada tabqa bhi affected hai jo ke yahan ka dalit samaj hai. Una me jo ghanta hui wo hamein pata chali, uske alawa aur kitni ghatnayein hui ham nahi jante. Is rajneeti ke shikar na sirf musalman aur christians balke dalit bhi hain.

To ek beaf ke naam par hua to dusra ‘love jihad’ ke naam par hua. Musalman, Christian aur Dalit ke baad unka chautha shikar hai jo love jihad ke naam par kiya jaraha hai. Love jihad ke naam par prachar kiya jaraha hai ke kuch sangathan hain jo musalmano ko training derahe hain, paise derahe hain ke wo hindu ladkiyo ko akarshit karein aur musalmano ki jansankhya badhayein. Ye to ek dushprachar ki prakriya hai laikin ye sath hi ye prakriya hai hindu ladkiyo ke Jeevan par pratibandh niyantrit karne ki. Abhi UP me jo love jihad ke case ke bad jo cheezein ayi logo ne kaha, parents ko salah di ke apne ladkiyo par nazar rakho ke kis se milti hain aur unke mobile me contacts kya hain etc.

Aur main bhul nahi sakta wo Tanishq ka pyara sa ad, agarche ke main corporate world ke ad ke liye yaha nahi hun, par main vastav me batata hun ke tanishq ka wo ad bahut hi pyara advertisement tha, Ek hindu ladki musalman parivar mein sukhi rup se rah rhi hai uski god bharayi ki prakriya ho rahi hai to us ad ko kaise withdraw karna pada. Isse malum hota hai ke hamare samaj me sampradayikta kitni badh gayi hai aur samaj me jo ‘hinsak pravakti’ (the process of violence) ye itni badhti jarahi hai ke baat baat me log talwar nikal sakte hain aur khas taur pe alp sankhyako ke khilaf ho to police vyavastha kis prakar se kaam karti hai ham dekh sakte hain.

Ye jo sampradayikta ki prakriya hai iske do bhag main dekhna chahta hun. Ek to ye ham ko aise dekhne ko mila ke ram mandir ke naam par society ja kar chanda mang rahe hain aur board laga rahe hain ke inho ne chanda diya aur inho ne nahi diya. Kaun hamare saath hai aur kaun nahi hai is baare me ye lambi prakriya hai.

Pahli baat ke ye sampradayikta ki rajneeti alp sankhyako ko target karti hai. Isi targeting ko dekhiye ke 2014 se 2017 ke beech me ke jo mote taur par jo statistics bataun ga ke musalmano par hone wale hinsa, christians ke virodh me hone wale hinsa, striyo ke khilaf hone wale hinsa me qareeb me 25% ki badhotri hui hai. Ham keval ye maan ke na chalein ki sampradayik rajneeti keval musalmano ko target karti hai balke alp sankhyako ko bhi target karti hai. Usi ke sath sath dekhiye ke jo uska dusra nishana hota hai wo yaha ka dalit aur Adivasi samaj hai.

Dalit aur Adivasi samaj ke bare me jaisa main ne kaha ke ek to beaf ke mamle par in logon par bahut akraman hue adivasiyo ka kis prakar ka displacement aur unki zameeno par kis prakar ke qabze ho rahe hain hamare samne hai. Ye ab iska dusra mudda hai aur dalito ke bare me ham bahot vistar se baat kar sakte hain ke kaise ek taraf Ambedkar ki portrait to mala pehnana aur idhar se jo arakshan ki prakriya hai usku kaise kaise kamzor kiya jaraha hai.

Teesra, main ne uska ye uddesh bataya ke yaha ki jo mahilayein hain unke adhikar (right to choose life partner) ko kamzor karna hai.

Samaj me jo nafrat ka vatavaran hai aur usi ke sath sath hamare jo democratic institutions hain unke bare me sab kah rahe hain ki ye party ne un ko bhi barbad kardiya. Desh ko barbad kiya gaya ye dekhe baghair ke jo hamare democratic institutions kitne mazboot hue, unki autonomy (judiciary ki ho, election commissions ki ho ya investigative agencies ho) kitni aage badhi. Aaj un institutions ko khokla kardiya gaya hai. Nyay vyavastha ke bare me aap (dubey ji) ne kaha aur main us me keval ye jod dun ke us ke sath sath jo dusri vyavasthayein hain jo autonomous hona chahiyein jaise ke reserve bank, election commission un par bhi kis prakar ka dabau hai ye bhi ek prakriya hai.

Aur iska jo chautha aspect ham ko dekhna hai wo ye ke ek taraf sampradayikta badh rahi hai to dusri taraf corporate world ka power badh raha hai. Do naam sab ki zabaan par ate hain ke aaj wo kisano ka Krishi bill, jiska sab kisan virodh kar rahe hain, isliye wapis nahi liya jara ke iske peeche corporate world ke log hain jo nahi chahte ke wapis liya jaye. Isliye Sarkar itne bade pradarshan ke baad, main kahna chahta hun ke azad bharat me jitney andolan hue un andolano mein ek shaheen bagh aur dusra kisano ka andolan bahot uncha sthan rakhte hain jo lok tantr ki prakriya ko mazboot karne ki koshish samaj ki taraf se hui.

Ab is paristithi jis me aaj hain ye baat to clear hai ke ye dharm ka mamla to nahi hai. Bharat to wo samaj raha hai jaha alag alag dharmo ke log sadiyo se phalte phulte rahe hain, mil jul kar rahe hain, ye wo desh raha hai jaha bhati parampara me sant Kabir ko manne wale musalman bhi aur the baqi dharmo ke log bhi the, sufi santo ki dargah me jaane wale sab log the.

While I try to mix up in English, India has been a country where you see the mixed nature of our culture and the mixed nature is not only at the level of religion but at the level of culture, language with lot of syncretic and beautiful traditions. The peak of this was seen during the freedom movement when people of all religions unitedly stood with the father of nation to get us freedom from the British on one side and at the same time to ensure the new constitution with the values of liberty, equality, fraternity and justice comes up.

Today where we stand is actually a serious problem when in the name of religion emotive issues are raised like the birth of Lord Ram, destruction of his temple, beaf, live jihad etc. I would like to narrate one beautiful incident happened immediately after independence. The story relates to the Somnath temple. There was a demand from the people that Somnath temple was destroyed by Ghaznavi, I must add that it was destroyed not for religion but mainly for wealth which was housed in the temple, and the government should build the temple. At that time Mahatma Gandhi was alive and he said that building the temple is not the job of government, Hindu community is capable of building its temple. Jawaharlal Nehru, his discipline, went in the same direction to say that the participation of government in temple inauguration is No No. he went on to beautifully say at the time of inauguration of a dam that these are the temples of modern India. Adding on to that I will say not only irrigation, but development of education, development of scientific establishment, development of industries, development of public sector are what I think the temples of modern India are.

Anyway, the language is different now. There is more focus on issues which are related to emotions and that is dividing the society. Secondly, the infiltration in the public institutions is very heavy and the new normal which is coming up is very painful. Constitutions hasn’t been changed but there are demands from various quarters to undermine the constitution and see that it is changed. Many a times those things are happening that are totally against the values of constitution.

Friends, I will now say what do we do from here. As a forum we have a responsibility on our shoulders. I strongly feel that we have to operate at multiple levels like social, judiciary, supporting of social campaigns like farmers protest and shaheen bagh type events. The hatred which has been created in the society has to be neutralised. This hatred against religious minorities, which has become very deep, is to be countered.  To counter that I suggest that our forum also takes steps propagate the truth of our society which is a long task.

Now the time has come that if we want to save our democracy we operate at multiple levels and see that India’s future doesn’t go dark.

Thank you very much

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